Non Formal Education in India
The NFE is generally thought of as educational activity in the traditional framework of formal education system. There are large number of out of school, never enrolled and dropped out children despite the considerable progress made in India in imparting school education. But still lot more is to be done to provide primary and upper primary schooling. Number of steps have been taken by Govt and non Govt agencies to provide non formal education in the country. The non formal education is alternatively known as Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative and Innovative Education.
India is second largest populated country with 1230 million people and per capita income of USD 1600 as per World Bank report 2013 and literacy rate 75% compared to world literacy rate 85%. The literacy rate of males has always been higher than females.
Introduction to NFE in India
Non Formal Education in India as an alternative to formal education was introduced in mid seventies in 9 educationally backward states in India. There after in 1988, after announcement of National Education policy in 1986 another scheme on NFE was launched in 10 educationally backward states and all over India in urban slums, remote , desert and hilly regions.
Commission and National Policies
The Kothari Commission in (1964-66 ) recommended NEF on large scale for out of school children and adults, putting more emphasis on literacy, continuing education and correspondence courses etc.
National Policy on Education 1968
As recommended by Kothari Commission National Education Commission was set up to formulate a National Education Policy
National Education Policy 1979
The policy suggested removing illiteracy and increasing awareness, adult education programme to have development content and improving skills to increase the productivity.
National Education Policy
It dealt with the problem of dropouts, children from areas without school, working children and girls of whole day schools. The policy also stressed on curriculum based on needs of learners and needs of environment.
Keeping this in mind Aambra Foundation has initiated project Aarohan to contribute to the Non Formal or Informal Education sector. The pilot center has been set up in central Delhi. Right from the day 1 the center has received the tremendous response with close to 30 children attending the center everyday.
The Aambra NFE programme endeavours towards the holistic development of boys and girls coming to the center.
The programme covers:
1. Elementary Arithmatic
2. Basic Hindi
3. Basic English
6. Curricular activities - Dance and Drawing